John Muir


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Omit Fine & grand [ ] park one [finest] Ind home [who] hunted moose & elk etc. lived his [fine] lazy life a 1000 yrs. [Shores] rise boldly from sea, no flats no mud [banks] then Heavy swells shake the cliffs. Lewis & Clark explored from Mouth of Missouri to Mouth of Col [Columbia] 1804-5 spent winter of 5 & 6 Astoria founded 1811. 400000 sq. ms [square miles] drained by Col divided into 3 sections by the Cascade Blue Rocky. 520 ms l Snake—full of rapids fall 18 ft. Snake warm N. Col. [Columbia] cold. Gray ran [M] 7th up 25 ms took fresh water refitted. Vast nos of friendly Inds [Indians] visited ship & traded & departed May 20 Lewis & Clark had 180 enlisted men & soldiers. 41 & 2 Red River settlers came.

1834 Method Ep [Methodist Episcopal] Mission in Wal Val. 1836 Whitman appointed by the Am. Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions explored for in 1835 with Rev. Sam Parker No road nor trail except buffalo. Wolf meeting March ’43 Your committee by leave to report as follows. It being admitted by all that bears wolves panthers etc. are destructive to the useful animals owned by the settlers of this colony Yr [committee] would submit the following resolutions as the sense of this meeting by wh the community may be governed in carrying on a defensive & destructive war against all such animals Resolved 1st that we deem it expedient for this community to take immediate measures for the destruction of all wolves panthers & bears & such other animals as are known to be destructive to cattle horses sheep & hogs.

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Original journal dimensions: 8.5 x 14.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist