Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)



First Advisor

Patrick R. Jones

First Committee Member

O. David Sparkman

Second Committee Member

Gary Litton


An analytical method was developed for detection and quantitation of diazinon and chlorpyrifos, two widely used pesticides in local water pathway. Solid phase extraction combined with GC/MS detection with selected ion monitoring was employed. In establishing calibration curves for GC/MS analysis, it may be impractical to use isotope-labeled analogs as internal standards for all analytes in a complicated matrix. Compounds may have to be used as internal standards which could cause non-linear effects because of different response of analytes and internal standards. A novel sample introduction method, which could eliminate this negative effect of non-linearity, was proposed. Calibration data were acquired using the traditional constant volume injection method, and a new method: constant mass injection of analytes. Calibration curves by the constant mass injection method show a better linearity and y-intercept. The nonlinear effect observed with data obtained in low concentration ranges using the constant volume injection method was eliminated. The effectiveness of these curves by two methods was also tested. Better accuracy was obtained with the constant mass injection method. This constant mass injection of analytes method could be very useful in

quantitative studies of a complicated sample matrix, such as those encountered in the environmental analysis of pesticides, or in the quality control analysis of medical and industrial product. In solid phase extraction, Varian Bondelute SPE C8 cartridge was selected for extraction. With the standard water sample spiked at 500 ng/L for the two analytes, the recovery for diazinon was about 50% and for chlorpyrifos about 60%. With the standard water sample at 1000 ng/L, the recovery for diazinon was about 60% and for chlorpyrifos about 70%. Among three samples from three different sampling sites, diazinon was detected and confirmed. The quantitation of diazinon was done to water sample from the Calaveras River near the Sanguetti Street crossing Stockton, California, with observed concentration 143.2 ng/L.



To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.

Find in PacificSearch



If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email


Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).