Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Arts (D.A.)



First Advisor

Maurice L. McCullen

First Committee Member

Robert Knighton

Second Committee Member

Louis H. Leiter


All three of Golding’s first novels make dark comment on what they show, but of the treem Pincher Martin, ostensibly the darkest, offers the most hope. Although “the protagonist’s particular history of guilt and greed is intended to stand as a fable for contemporary man,” man (and Pincher) could choose not to turn away from God. That choice, however, demands faith or vision. If, as Baker points out, “the final chapters intentionally contradict the reality shown in the narrative - and thus expose the fallibility of the rational point of view,” they also morally direct the reader’s vision, helping him toward a wider perspective, one which may account for different realities, eternal values. And thus does the richa and extensive symbolism, which so clearly paints a despicable portrait of Pincher Martin, extend inward to the irrational province of the self’s dark center in each reader. That center can then choose to turn inward on itself, to invent a heaven - or hell - out of itself, or to look outward to a larger, divine light. Largely because of his use of symbolism, Golding tries with commendable success to influence the choice and to sharpen the center’s vision.





If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email


Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Known Copyright. URI:
The organization that has made the Item available reasonably believes that the Item is not restricted by copyright or related rights, but a conclusive determination could not be made. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use.