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Date of Award

1977

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

Department

Graduate School

First Advisor

J. Marc Jantzen

First Committee Member

Juanita Curtis

Second Committee Member

Willaim Bacon

Third Committee Member

Fuad Nahhas

Fourth Committee Member

Larry L. Pippin

Abstract

Problem: To investigate various aspects of the Tehran male educators as to their backgrounds, achievements, satisfactions, aspirations, and attitudes.

Purpose: The general objective was to add to the understanding of the Iranian educators living in Tehran, and to provide background information about the educators for Iranian organizations involved in teacher education programs, in the professional growth of educators, and in helping to satisfy the teachers' needs. The major objectives were to determine: 1) the present status of the educators, 2) whether differences exist among primary school teachers, secOndary school teachers, and university professors, 3) the attitude of the educators toward their educational achievements income satisfaction-, ideal education for wives and children, preferences concerning marriage, social equality of sons and daughters, sense of belonging to social classes, and their attitudes toward religion.

Procedures: An educator questionnaire was developed. A committee of three professors two from Iran and one from Pakistan approved the questionnaire. Two pilot runs were administered to selected educators. Two hundred male teachers and professors were randomly selected (80 primary, 70 secondary, and 50 unversity educators) who participated in this research.

Findings: There are differences among the primary school teachers (PSTs), secondary school teachers ( SSTs), and university professors (UPs) in the areas of educational fulfilllment, income satisfaction, and some cultural-traditional social values. The PSTs and SSTs' satisfaction, beliefs, and attitudes are closer to each other than to UPs. The UPs seem much wDre satisfied with their educational achievement and income than SSTs and PSTs, and SSTs seem more satisfied than PSTs. Teaching is not considered a prestigious and awarding profession .. Some of the long-standing social-cultural traditions seem weakened and/or are in the process of change. The changes are greater among UPs than among SSTs or PSTs. The UPs ,come from more educated and wealthier families than SSTs and PSTs.

Implications and· Recomendations: The findings would be credible to policy makers for improved teacher recruitment, educating, reeducating, and retention within the profession. One solution to attract better potential teachers to the profession, and to prevent teachers from leaving is to raise teachers' prestige in the society. Replications or the survey would substantiate the findings and would help generalizations to all educators of Iran. Both male and female educators should participate in future studies. Studies on job satisfaction, attitudes, and characteristics of educators separately at different levels should be done.

Pages

211

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