Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

William C. Theimer

First Committee Member

Kenneth L. Beauchamp

Second Committee Member

Armand R. Maffia

Third Committee Member

Roger L. Reimer

Fourth Committee Member

Douglas B. Smith


The purpose of this study was to compare two widely used counseling methods, as they are commonly employed in public high schools, to make a determination of their relative effectiveness with a population of students labelled as disruptive. The comparative effectiveness was to be demonstrated by changes in those qualities which are generally attributed to the more successful students: grade point average (GPA), attendance, self concept and behavior. The Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS) was used on a pre and post test basis to measure change in self concept. This study was designed to examine disruptive students with peers as group counselors (Group I), disruptive students with high school guidance counselors providing individual counseling (Group II), and disruptive students who did not participate in either program but who did have routine counseling services (Group II).



Included in

Education Commons



Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Known Copyright. URI:
The organization that has made the Item available reasonably believes that the Item is not restricted by copyright or related rights, but a conclusive determination could not be made. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use.