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Date of Award

2001

Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Department

Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences

First Advisor

Xiaoling Li

First Committee Member

Donald Floriddia

Second Committee Member

Arthur Harrelson

Third Committee Member

Patrick Jones

Fourth Committee Member

Bret Berner

Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate two important aspects of buccal drug delivery, transport and mucoadhesion. Buspirone was chosen as a model drug for the in vitro buccal transport studies, polyvinyl alcohol and sodium alginate polymer blends were prepared to investigate the mucoadhesive properties through a Lewis acid-base approach and finally, the effect of formulation factors on the force of mucoadhesion, surface energy parameters, release rate and flux was studied. In vitro permeation studies were conducted to investigate the buccal transport pathway of buspirone. Mathematical models were developed to quantify the process of permeation. Permeation enhancement of buspirone across the buccal mucosa was investigated using bile salts (sodium glycocholate and taurodeoxycholate), propylene glycol, propylene. Effect of formulation factors like drug, enhancer, and plasticizer was studied through statistically designed experiments. These experiments aided in characterizing the buccal delivery system. Mathematical models were developed for surface energy parameters, force of mucoadhesion, release rate, and flux. Research conducted in this dissertation focused on two important aspects of transbuccal delivery, drug transport and mucoadhesion by studying a model drug and polymer blends. The results obtained in these investigations can be utilized in the development of other bioadhesive delivery systems with respect to drug transport and mucoadhesion. Polymer blends of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and sodium alginate (Alg) were prepared to evaluate their mucoadhesive properties and investigate mucoadhesive mechanism by a Lewis acid-base approach. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Pages

168

ISBN

9780493155043 , 049315504X

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