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Date of Award

1980

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Department

Graduate School

First Advisor

Ravindra Vasavada

First Committee Member

Marvin H. Malone

Second Committee Member

Herschel G. Frye

Third Committee Member

Zak Chowhan

Abstract

In the present study lanolin alcohol films were investigated as potential drug delivery systems for the controlled release of salicylic acid. A series of experiments were conducted in vitro to study the release of salicylic acid from these films. The effect of changes in film composition and stirrer speed on drug release were examined. Seven film compositions with varying proportions of lanolin alcohol and ethyl cellulose were prepared over the ethyl cellulose concentrations of 0-30% w/w, while keeping the drug concentration at 2.5% w/w. The release data obtained in this study were examined by the Q vs 1/2 relationship and the first-order relationship. This was done to probe deeper into the underlying mechanism of drug release. Upon examination of the release data by the Q vs 1/2 treatment, it was observed that the correlation coefficients were quite high and lag times were only slightly negative in agreement with the observed initial release data. In contrast, the first-order treatment of data showed somewhat lower correlation coefficients and very high negative lag times. These data strongly suggest that the unidirectional release of salicylic acid from the lanolin alcoholethyl cellulose films follows Higuchi's diffusion-controlled granular matrix model. The release rate constant showed an initial increase with inclusion of ethyl cellulose followed by a sharp decline as the ethyl cellulose concentration was further increased reaching a minimum value at about 15-20 percent of ethyl cellulose. Further increases in the concentration of ethyl cellulose increased the rate of drug release with a tendency to level off at about 30 percent ethyl cellulose concentration. The effect of stirring rate on the release rate constant showed that the rates of release of salicylic acid increased with increases in the stirring rate.

Pages

53

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