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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


Graduate School

First Advisor

Anne Funkhouser

First Committee Member

Lee Christianson

Second Committee Member

Dale McNeal


Athletics competition represents the classical test of physical fitness or performance capacity. The individual’s performance is the combined result of the coordinated exertion and integration of a variety of functions. Intercollegiate swimmers are an example of highly trained individuals. Their swim training provides almost maximal activation of the aerobic process or the cardiovascular system. This high level of cardiovascular fitness and physical performance is the result of natural endowment plus the specific effects of swim training. INdividuals that began to train vigorously at an early age (as young as 8 years old) have shown increases in several aspects of aerobic capacity. Compared to others of the same age, swimmers have increased cardiac output, stroke volume, vital capacity and total hemoglobin counts. The intensity of the training program has been shown to correlate positively with increases in cardiovascular fitness.



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