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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Graduate Studies

First Advisor

John R Lutzker

First Committee Member

Suzanne Hanser

Second Committee Member

Roger Katz


The present investigation attempted to experimentally investigate the effects of parental modification of oppositional behavior using time-out and differential reinforcement while noting any correlated changes in nocturnal enuresis. Using a multiple baseline design across families, the parents of three 5 to 6 year old boys were exposed to an intensive parent training package designed to teach them behavior modification techniques. Direct home observation of twelve parent behaviors and four child behaviors showed no differences from baseline to treatment in either the first mother's behavior or her son's The only change noted in the second mother's behavior during treatment vas a decrease in her rate of negative attention. Her son, however, did emit fever oppositional responses during treatment than during baseline. After parent training, the third mother showed a cessation of negative attention, negative physical contact with her son, and statements of contingencies. She also showed a slightly decreased use of commands, and increases in positive verbal contact and ignoring. Her son showed a decrease in his rate of oppositional behavior during treatment. No correlated changes in bedwetting were observed for any of the children. The experimental and methodological findings and problems are discussed.





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