Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


Graduate School

First Advisor

James C King

First Committee Member

Donald Y Barker

Second Committee Member

Marvin Malone

Third Committee Member

Francis W Sayre


It is significant that the separation of pharmacy from medicine occurred for the first time in institutions under ecclesiastic authority which were devoted to the care of the sick. In this period of history, there was little division between the church and state; therefore, business did not play any part in the overall health care scheme. The prime consideration was the delivery of the highest quality of pharmaceutical and medical services. This was best accomplished by a division of labor between the expert in the medical treatment and the expert in the selection, preservation and prepagation of medicinals. In other words, the hospital pharmacist was the first recog- nized representative of the specialized art and science of pharmacy. Such specialists in pharmacy were employed in hospitals which formed a part of many monasteries since the fourth century A.D. In Switzerland, during the ninth century, a plan for remodeling a monastery provided for an apothecary shop and a garden for the cultivation of medicinal plants. During the plague which depopulated many European countries in the fourteenth century, hospitals sprang up everywhere. The inclusion of a pharmacy in those hospitals was the rule rather than the exception (1).





Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Known Copyright. URI:
The organization that has made the Item available reasonably believes that the Item is not restricted by copyright or related rights, but a conclusive determination could not be made. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use.