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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Malcolm R. Eiseler

First Committee Member

Malcolm H. Moule


Tanganyika’s astonishing constitutional progress, achieved almost without friction, he's brought the country to the threshold of the political autonomy within a decade of organized African nationalism. July 7, 1954, was a historical day for it was then when the Tanganyika African National Union (T.A.N.U.) was born in Der es Zalasa, the country’s capital, with Julius K. Nyerere as president. From that day one, T.A.N.U. has struggled relentlessly for the independence of Tanganyika. Hence the significant constitutional changes announced in the Legislative Council by the governor, Sir Richard Turnbull, on December 15, 1959, represented an important achievement for the African nationalist movement. In a nutshell, his Excellency’s announcement purported that from September, 1960, after the second general election, Tanganyika would be self-governing to the extent that both in the Legislature and in the Council of Ministers the elected element would predominate.

This thesis represents an attempt to open a new avenue in the study of African nationalism. It is an endeavor to analyze and trace the development of Tanganyikan nationalism. In exploring the entire vista of Tanganyikan nationalism, some fresh light might be thrown upon the peculiar trend of African nationalism in its Tanganyikan context. That would, in turn, help to reduce the the barest minimum the danger of highlighting either the surface similarities between the different versions of African nationalism in the way tourists sometimes tend to mislead students of African political aspirations of the apparent dichotomies between African nationalism which, when tested on the touchstone of reality, might be shown to be differences in degree rather than in kind.





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