Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Pain Management Centers of America
Alan David Kaye, Louisiana State University Health Science Center
Amol Soin, Wright State University
Sheri L. Albers, Radiology Research and Consultation
Douglas Beall, Clinical Radiology of Oklahoma
Richard E. Latchaw, Radiology Research and Consultation
Mahendra R. Sanapati, Pain Management Centers of America
Shalini Shah, University of California, Irvine
Sairam Atluri, Tri-State Spine Care Institute
Alaa Abd-Elsayed, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Salahadin Abdi, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Steve Aydin, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Sanjay Bakshi, Lenox Hill Hospital
Mark Boswell, College of Medicine and Life Sciences
Ricardo M. Buenaventura, Pain Relief of Dayton
Joseph A. Cabaret
Aaron K. Calodney, Precision Spine Care
Kenneth D. Candido, University of Illinois College of Medicine
Paul J. Christo, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Lynn Cintron, UCI School of Medicine
Sudhir Diwan
Christopher Gharibo, NYU Grossman School of Medicine
Jay Grider, University of Kentucky
Myank Gupta, Kansas Pain Management & Neuroscience Research Center, LLC
Bill Haney, Pain Management Center of Paducah (L.M.)
Michael E. Harned, University of Kentucky
Standiford Helm, The Helm Center for Pain Management
Jessica Jameson, Axis Spine Center
Sunny Jha, University of Southern California
Adam M. Kaye, University of the PacificFollow
Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center


Adam M. Kaye: 0000-0002-7224-3322

Document Type


Publication Title

Pain Physician







First Page


Last Page


Publication Date



Background: Chronic axial spinal pain is one of the major causes of significant disability and health care costs, with facet joints as one of the proven causes of pain. Objective: To provide evidence-based guidance in performing diagnostic and therapeutic facet joint interventions. Methods: The methodology utilized included the development of objectives and key questions with utilization of trustworthy standards. The literature pertaining to all aspects of facet joint interventions, was reviewed, with a best evidence synthesis of available literature and utilizing grading for recommendations.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License