18 Slate Creek 22 miles above Allens is only 500 ft [feet] higher 1200 ft [feet] above the sea ~ The soil over wh [which] I passed today is about half slate half lava, much of it partly both. The lava is grayish & purplish in color The slate red, & clayey The forest is nowhere dense Sabine & yellow & a little Doug Spruce. Oaks abundant black & white yet not in dense groves, Excepting in the stream [thickets] ravines the sun falls freely almost everywhere. Much of the McCloud & Sacramento Valleys (this portion) rather
19 bare. Many of the hills [rather] almost bald. These bald places are densely chaparraled but not deeply. Chap [chaparral] short This chap [chaparral] is largely composed of an oak with a large yellow acorn [fruiting] profusely [Sketch of oak leaves and acorn] It is a white oak but has a curvaceous leaf as if inclined to be evergreen -- so nearly related to the two white oaks of the river banks where they flow into the plains These oaks run much farther into the mtns [mountains] here
Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist