John Muir


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We must cross the bar within an hour or so or lie outside until tomorrow, so it is reported, says the Captain. Sky cleared about noon and low, sandy coast came in sight. A tug came about to guide us through the pass over the bar. Arrived at the town a little before one o’clock, and anchored a few hundred yards from the long sea-wall among a large number of ships loading and discharging. Very heavy rain and thunder storm about 3:00 P.M. A grand black windy affair. Most of the first-class passengers went ashore to see the town. Quite imposing, but the noble glacial mountain scenery of all the ports S. of Rio Janeiro wholly wanting. Only level delta sands from the mountain streams at head of the lagoon, a continuation of the Rio Negro de Sul from its mouth near Port Allagre one hundred and fifty miles from the bar. This Patos lagoon runs parallel to the ocean coast through the midst of a vast sand delta deposited toward close of the glacial period by many streams descending from a mountainous range extending parallel to it. The larger streams enter at the head of it. Nov. 2. Cool and cloudy. Temp. 60 deg. Discharging cargo. Mr. Hector J. Tilley, whose address is c/o Miss C. R. Johnson, 949 Ogden Ave., Bronx, New York City, left the Sirio here. Will miss his companionship.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10 x 17 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist