forest, Contorta large, Juniper Yel p. [Yellow pine] Balfour p. [Balfour pine] Libo. El [elevation] camp about 10500, too far to NE [northeast], camp should have been made near timber line to NW of Lake, most of way to trail
12th July About 40 reached top. All pepl [people] in line on ascent, but scattered on way down to Mor [Moraine] lake. That all reached it early in evening is a marvel, many lost ½ to 2 hrs in search for hidden lakes, 1 of the party who had fit of mtn [mountain] sickness was brot [brought] in at midnight by Mr [Penroyer]. The start for the mtn [mountain] was made at 4:45. 2 boys reached the lake at 2:30 pm. and went on down to main camp at Funston Camp. 5 failed to reach top on acct [account] of narrowness of ridge - & 3 did not attempt the ascent, Mr [Hofeld] Dr Hughes & self, 15 or so continued on to main Funston Camp. Coyotes at night
13th All who spent the night at Mor [Moraine] Lake returned to main camp by trail except one of wh [whom], a daring girl fell about 200 ft and was instantly killed near camp in [the water] at grand arroya body rolled into torrent. The other Mr [Hofeld] was badly bruised but not seriously hurt.
[Note: Moraine Lake lies just east of a ridge that drops steeply down into the canyon formed by what is now known as Big Arroyo. The Funston meadows lie east of Moraine Lake.]
14th All except 12 start for Whitney [Mt. Whitney, at 14,494 feet the tallest peak in California, currently located at the eastern border of Sequoia National Park] & few also for Williamson [Mt. Williamson, 14,375 feet tall and north of Mt. Whitney], I [meant] to go also but my horse was required by party who conveyed body to Mineral King.
15th All day in camp. Wrote to Helen & notes
16th Up Rattlesnake Creek Beaut. [beautiful] purp [purple] rose fringing rugged stream-channel, in fall bloom now. Seems larger bush sturdier than the [ ] of Yos. 7750. Also Rubus vulcanus in bloom here & mtn [mountain] p [pine] all sizes flourishing. The rose grows on rocky banks now dry, mere jagged gullies dry most all summer Many rock ferns, [pellarus] & [chu-anthus]. Rubus vulcanus NVG.
Grand show of lilies & columbiana P [pines] along stream and nearly everywh [everywhere] hereabouts - about 12 flrd [flowered] ½ of them often at once. Columbine Larkspur polygonum & the fairy member of the family Yarrow mints daisies & other sunflrs [sunflowers] ceanothus strawberry alders willow cottonwood cercocarp etc dogwood, small sp [species]. No maple Red penstemons [common name “beardtongue”] zauschneria [ “California fuchsi,”] etc Saw large flock of young grouse just able to fly short distance
Saw mother ousel feeding one young able to fly well, nearly as large as its parent but light colored on throat & breast & tail shorter. The mother dived into roaring current & searched beneath logs rocks etc in all sorts of nooks angles on edge of torrent & beneath it going again and again to her big babe with her gains who received the morsels with quivering wings & m [most] delightful begging gestures & postures, while the
Original journal dimensions: 10.5 x 17 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist