channels on both walls many rounded bosses glaciated in dark colors Whitish where broken by earthquakes etc & one cirque of residual [gl] [glacier] on E side July 4 Charming weather. River here about 100 ft wide, 8 or 10 deep slow swirling current just cool enough for drinking. The lake 8 or 10 degrees warmer just right for bathing, the [rapids] above and below with the ah-ah-ing of the pines making pleasant solemn music. The party one & all cheery merry sauntering climbing, bathing, dozing, eyes sparkling, rejoicing, full of pure wild water energy & peace. [At] night merry celebration speeches recitations, improvisations “There are rocks in my cradle at night” “[New] mtn [mountain] [ ] wandering far & high” Colby’s miles worse than the other ones” etc & innumerable hymns & songs etc with banjo guitar & fire cracker accompaniments. 5th Services by Rev Mr Palmer in [ ] end of lake. More wandering swiming etc 6th Ditto ditto. Letter & note writing. Examined outlet & shores of lake & [ ] P [ ] the gorge |o| [between] the 2 lakes. Scrambled W bank of river compelled to leave water edge by outstanding rocks 10 to 20 or 40 ft N. Yel p [yellow pine] monophylla, Libo, Juniper 4 ft dia [diameter] 40 h [high]. White [spiraer] ab [abundant] in flr [flower], dogwood buttonwood alder wild cherry ceanothus etc. Balfour p [Balfour pine] on E side reported by Colby. The gorge at outlet of upper lake is v [very] narrow & has been dammed by a delta of gravel cobble & boulders
mostly small by extraordinary flood - gush of small streams, on E side & a few large boulders from bluffs on W. The delta is now overgrown with grass & shrubs & looks [old ] 50 to 75 or 100 yrs? In the same way the little basin on the S side of H.H. at end of dividing rock bar has been dammed forming a pond in spring mos [months] which has killed large oaks & pines several hundred yrs old still standing in ruins or some of them, showing that no flood great enough to sweep down the gravel & boulders for this dam had occurred in previous centuries. About 2/3 of party set out for Volcano crk [creek] to join us on the 8th at 2d [second] main camp at Funston’s Meadows near mouth of the Grand Arroyo.
July 7th. Everybody resting, washing packing etc preparation to leaving camp for Funstons Meds [Meadows] tomorrow The 2 interrupting cross ridges at the lower ends of the 2 lakes seem to have been caused by the thrust protection of the trib gls [tributary glaciers] entering the trunk from Coyote & the lower lake inlet basins rather than from superior resistance to erosion of the trunk gl [glacier].
July 8. Walked to Soda Spring 3 ms [miles] & altogether about 800 ft El [elevation] First projecting ridge about 300 ft & many hills of moraine
Original journal dimensions: 10.5 x 17 cm.
Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library
John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist