March 18 Start for Sydney. Land fertile bottom. Fig, Tristania, etc. The Eucalyptus large, 100 feet. Fig tallest, vine-tied and ornamental. At 9:00 A.M. enter sandstone hills with thin soil. Gum casuarina and few Aceaina, average 50 feet high, 1 foot diameter. 9:30 A.M. in broad valley, corn and alfalfa fields. Corn about ripe. Dairy region. Mountains to east. 10:50 A.M. upgrade in sandstone hills. Some Eucalpytus in flower. No fields. Grass, trees. Strip of orange, strip of alfalfa and wilderness of forest Eucalyptus. 11:15 A.M. rock cuts and tunnels short, in wilderness of hills. 11:30 A.M. broad forest view, mountains in distance to east. 11:45 A.M. emerge on wider plateau with fields and farms. Tawooraba. Volcanic hills passed here. About 12:45 P.M. to little south of Clifton. 2:00 P.M. say 50 miles rich, black soil, Darling Downs, but little interrupted by ridges, mountains to east. The rough hill region to Dalesen. Here saw light green drooping leaved anthers like the leaves of the Eucalyptus, it was growing on. Near Ooramback, the forest is dense and rich. Saw two species of palm here, and south of Gosford, the grass Tree and Banksia about the fiords or lakes. The whole region here has glacial look. Rock is sandstone thin forests. Young Eucalyptus with beautiful heads rounded and lobed, branches naked tufted richly at end. As Sydney is approached, the hills are left behind and the coast flats nearly level and mostly good soil is passed over. Small second growth Eucalyptus and Leptospermum cover the uncultivated fields.
March 19. Arrived at Sydney at noon, spent the afternoon in Botanic Gardens. Shops all closed every Saturday afternoon by law. Holidays take up a great part of year.
Original journal dimensions: 9 x 15.5 cm.
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist