John Muir


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July 27th Heavy rain last night. At 7 this morning are passing through a level wheat field bounded by the sky, soil black, fertile, heavy crop. Saw men cradling wheat. Yesterday saw some few self-raking reapers, labor cheap. Some trees on landscape edge in black. (Noon) All one wheatfield except patches of oats and rye, etc. Some very short. Saw woman spreading manure today first time. Men each plowing and harrowing at same time, one man on plow, another attached to harrow, the man /o/ 1 P.M. Within 2 hours or so of Moscow. Crops better, mostly ripe. Saw bands of poor men and women going to harvest, all crowded together in box cars with children like cattle. Yet seemed not unhappy. Norway pine and spruce sylvestris and Nordmannia excelsa now common along road, and birch and poplar telling of the north. Today saw three men thrashing grain with flails. Yesterday saw a man thrashing grain with a span of horses and a wagon, comfortably seated, he drove round a circle of 40 to 50 feet diameter. Around Moscow at 4 P.M. Drove to Slavianski Bazar. Good hotel. July 28th [Moscow] Good rest last night. The 3 weeks Caucasus trip was very hard, very hot, very dirty.

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Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist