John Muir


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From Sheridan to Virginia ? ? Juniper Head Hope Valley alt 8500 9-9 in dia [diameter] [alt 8500] 8-6 [in dia] avg about 6–0 [in dia] At 7600 on rich moraine growing with P Ponderosa & [contorta] in great beauty & [ ] [ ] 50 to 60 ft high v [very] broad branching 6 to 8 ft dia. 1 24 ft cir [h] ft from ground. Bark beautifully braided & reticulated On Round Top dwarfed & moulded against granite bosses [sketch] Pellaea Breweri [Ciplip] Fragilis & [ ] N ab Round Top elevation 9000 - Harebell still higher. [bryanthus] but no cassiope A Polygonum pale flowered & [weedy] looking v ab [very abundant] from Round Top to Lola becomes [a beaut] Red & crimson & [purp] [giving] delightful hue to landscapes of [summit] up to the snow


From Holbrook to Wellington 20 m Glacial action in [formation] of vals & ridges & [gen] degradation well shown at head of Am River & Carson although polished surfaces much blurred or wanting. Most of the lavas [weather] & [are] glaciated into flowing landscapes. [though] [some] excep [exceptionally] hard [present] [the] extreme of angularity. From the head of S Feather to Stanislaus there occurs along the summit a heavy deposits of stratified [lava] with water rolled boulders & sand variously blending into angular breccia or tuff. In many instances the mass seems to have been rolled forward in a half liquid form. In others as a cold flood mixture swept from crumbly hillsides & debris filled valleys before the [fine] flood wh [which] carried it. Some in Calaveras Murphys Camp.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10 x 17 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist