John Muir


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64 Tributary cans [canyons], sinking before reaching the main Cannons. Were the snow & rainfall sufficient to keep large perennial streams flowing with sufficiently powerful current then the disintegrated material would be removed as fast as formed; & the [ ] eroding action on the bedroad would cause irregularities as controlled by variations in resistance. {Gl [glacial] action on the Hotcreek Mtns [mountains]} Morains wide U-shaped vals [valleys] & gl [glacier]-sculpted rocks are presented on the [W] slope of the highest serrated portion 10 miles N of Williams Station. Of these the mors [morains] are the most marked – several lateral morains being well-preserved & from 100 to 200 ft high. Several short streams flow to the W [west] one to the E [east] [ ] these gl [glacial] canons & it is

65 interesting to note that the flora of these cool canons is distinctly glacial as different from the flora of the plains 3 miles dist [distant] as from that of Mexico. Saxifrages, Larkspurs, birches parnassia etc. It is a lingering remnant of a once greatly extended flora. A beautiful monument of the Age of ice. On the range next to the E of the Hot Creek viz the Pancake there are traces of volcanic action comparatively recent – A crater well-defined with heavy lava flows radiating from it Seen only from a distance, Am told however that the crater is 100 feet or more in depth. This is one of the few manifestations of [gla] volcanic activity comparatively fresh that are to be found within the bounds of Nevada

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist