John Muir


image preview


56 glaciers belonging to [and] former period of ice. The ranges as well as the vals [valleys] suggest this grand origin for the basin features the sloping flanks of the ranges where they show the bedrock are seen to have been ground away in smooth curves wh [which] only gls [glaciers] could form This is most striking when the rocks are stratified & shorn of in smooth planes or curves [sketch] section of flank of Mt Jefferson showing eroded edges of bedrock The extremities of the ranges taper out like [ ] rock showing this outline [sketch] smoky val [valley] drains away S [south] to sink of Amargosa – white mtns [mountains] clearly visible – Sierra faintly

57 vegetation of Jefferson varied gl [glacial] in char [character], On the summit the tables on wh [which] the snow & [neve] was piled during the period is pretty well covered with eriogonae phloxes [artemisia] & grasses – one Ribes. One [hemispherical] cactus. 2 rather tall grasses one glandular [polemonium] one fern. These form a [sod] or spongy cushion wh [which] binds the disintegrating [lava] together so that one may easily so choose his steps as to walk 5 or 6 miles without noise as if walking a bog. Enjoyed a fine storm of hail wh [which] seemed to be shot down – so violently as to hurt ones knuckles through buckskin gloves. Fine thunder rolls & crusty magnif [magnificent] clouds – windows of storm to west [ineffably] lovely [sketch] lovely bits of reposeful mtn [mountain] landscape through cloud hung windows.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

Rights Management

To view additional information on copyright and related rights of this item, such as to purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish them, click here to view the Holt-Atherton Special Collections policies.


John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist