Condylar degeneration in anterior open bite patients: A cone beam computed tomography study



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Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology





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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of condylar degeneration in patients with anterior open bites (AOB). Study design: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of 194 patients with AOB (108 with skeletal open bites and 86 with dental open bites) and 100 patients serving as controls were included in this retrospective study. Two oral and maxillofacial radiologists categorized each of the 588 condyles as normal, degenerative-active, or degenerative-repair. The χ2 analysis with Bonferroni adjustment was used to evaluate the relationship of condylar status (normal vs degenerative) to anterior open bites. Results: Of the 103 degenerative condyles, there were 59 in the group with skeletal open bites, 14 in the group with dental open bites, and 30 in the control group. Condylar degeneration occurred twice as frequently in patients with skeletal open bites as it did in the control group (P < .0001). Conversely, a greater frequency of normal condyles was found in the group of patients with dental open bites (P = .0002). The group with skeletal open bites also showed a significantly higher frequency of bilateral degenerative condyles (P = .0001). The frequency of condylar degeneration did not differ significantly between female and male individuals. Conclusions: Degenerative condylar change was significantly more likely in patients with skeletal open bites and less likely in patients with dental open bites.