Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391
Negatively charged liposomes are endocytosed by the coated vesicle system and accumulate in acidic intracellular vesicles. Liposomes that become unstable at acidic pH improve cytoplasmic delivery of membraneimpermeant macromolecules such as calcein (CAL) and FITC dextran (18 or 40 kDa). Oleic acid (OA): phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) (3:7 mole ratio) liposomes become permeable to CAL at pH < 7.0. Control liposomes of phosphatidylserine : PE or OA : phosphatidylcholine are stable at pH 4-8. OA:PE liposomes promote cytoplasmic delivery of encapsulated CAL to CV-1 cells, as evidenced by the emergence of diffuse, cytoplasmic CAL fluorescence. Delivery requires metabolic energy and is partially inhibited by chloroquine or monensin, which raise the pH of intracellular vesicles. © 1985.
Straubinger, R. M.,
pH-sensitive liposomes mediate cytoplasmic delivery of encapsulated macromolecules.
FEBS Letters, 179(1), 148–154.
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