Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Mycobacterium avium-M. intracellulare complex (MAC) is the most frequent cause of opportunistic bacterial infection in patients with AIDS. Previous studies have indicated that liposome-encapsulated aminoglycosides are highly effective in treating MAC infections in mice. We investigated whether the fluoroquinolone sparfloxacin is effective in treating MAC infection in the murine macrophage-like cell line J774. Sparfloxacin was encapsulated in the membrane phase of multilamellar liposomes composed of phosphatidylglycerol-phosphatidylcholine-cholesterol (1:1:1 molar ratio). MAC-infected macrophages were treated for either 24 h or 4 days with free or liposome-encapsulated sparfloxacin. Treatment with free or liposome- encapsulated sparfloxacin (6 μg/ml) for 24 h resulted in the reduction of the growth index to 25 and 30% of that of untreated controls, respectively. When cultures were treated for 4 days, free sparfloxacin reduced the growth index to 6% of that of the untreated control, while liposome-encapsulated sparfloxacin reduced it to 8% of that of the control.
Flasher, D. L.,
Reddy, M. V.,
Gangadharam, P. R.
Treatment of intracellular Mycobacterium avium complex infection by free and liposome-encapsulated sparfloxacin.
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 40(11), 2618–2621.
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