Porphyromonas gingivalis stimulates IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in GMSM-K, HSC-3 and H413 oral epithelial cells
Nejat Düzgüneş: 0000-0001-6159-1391
Infection of oral epithelial cells with periodontopathogenic bacteria results in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines involved in the initiation and progression of periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the release of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 by oral epithelial cells after exposure to Porphyromonas gingivalis. Non-tumor-derived, immortalized human GMSM-K cells, and human oral squamous cell carcinoma, HSC-3 and H413 cells, were co-cultured with live and heat-inactivated P.gingivalis 2561 (ATCC 33277) and W83 (ATCC BAA-308™). IL-6 and IL-8 were quantified in the culture supernatants after 6 and 24 h. The basal levels of both cytokines and the responses to P. gingivalis were strongly dependent on cell type. GMSM-K cells produced less IL-8 than HSC-3 and H413 cells. Live P. gingivalis induced significant IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in GMSM-K and HSC-3 cells, and heat-inactivation of bacteria enhanced greatly IL-6 and IL-8 stimulation in these cells. Uninfected H413 cells produced high levels of IL-6 and IL-8, but were not responsive to live P. gingivalis; heat-inactivated P. gingivalis up-regulated IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in these cells. Since base-line secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, and responses to P. gingivalis depend on the cell type, conclusions on the responses to P. gingivalis should not be based on studies with a single cell type. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Porphyromonas gingivalis stimulates IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in GMSM-K, HSC-3 and H413 oral epithelial cells.
Anaerobe, 28, 62–67.