Title

CD73-dependent adenosine dampens interleukin-1β-induced CXCL8 production in gingival fibroblasts: Association with heme oxygenase-1 and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase

ORCiD

David M. Ojcius: 0000-0003-1461-4495

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Periodontology

ISSN

0022-3492

Volume

91

Issue

2

DOI

10.1002/JPER.19-0137

First Page

253

Last Page

262

Publication Date

2-1-2020

Abstract

© 2019 American Academy of Periodontology. BACKGROUND: During inflammation, stressed or infected cells can release adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to the extracellular medium, which can be hydrolyzed to adenosine by ectonucleotidases such as ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (CD39) and 5'-nucleotidase (CD73). The role of CD73 in the modulation of cytokine release by human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) remains underexplored. Here, we investigated whether CD73-mediated hydrolysis of extracellular ATP (eATP) could affect interleukin (IL)-1β-induced CXCL8 secretion. METHODS: The levels of mRNA expression of adenosine receptors, CD39 and CD73 of periodontitis samples were retrieved from a public database. Moreover, HGF mRNA levels were measured by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) after 3, 6, or 24 hours of IL-1β stimulation. IL-1β-induced CXCL8 protein levels were measured after pretreatment with 100-µM eATP in the presence or absence of CD73 inhibitor. The effect of eATP degradation to adenosine on CXCL8 levels was investigated using agonist and antagonist of adenosine receptors. RESULTS: Levels of CD39, CD73, and adenosine receptor mRNA were differentially modulated by IL-1β. ATP pretreatment impaired IL-1β-induced CXCL8 secretion and required activation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (pAMPK). The inhibition of CD73 or the inhibition of adenosine receptors abrogated the ATP effect on CXCL8 secretion. CONCLUSIONS: CD73-generated adenosine dampens IL-1β-induced CXCL8 in HGFs and involves HO-1 and pAMPK signaling. These results imply that CD73 is a negative regulator of the inflammatory microenvironment, suggesting that this ectoenzyme could be involved in the generation of deficient CXCL8 gradient in chronic inflammation.

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