Dr. Ryan Hill: 0000-0001-8513-6545
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society
Phylogenetic analysis of 53 morphological characte rs for five species of Panacea and Batesia hypochlora supports the separation of the two genera and showed that the monotypic genus Batesia is basal to Panacea. Male genitalia were Ilniform within Panacea and characters inir)f)llative for phylogeny reconstruction were restricted to wing coloration. Illustrations of adults and genitalia, a brief diagnosis, and distributions are provided le)r each species.
Hill, R. I.,
Penz, C. M.,
DeVries, P. J.
Phylogenetic analysis and review of Panacea and Batesia butterflies (Nymphalidae).
Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 56(4), 199–215.