Title

Food restriction attenuates the blood pressure response to paraventricular hypothalamic lesions in aortic coarctation hypertension

ORCID

J. Mark VanNess: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5902-8735

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Brain Research

Department

Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences Department

ISSN

0006-8993

Volume

792

DOI

10.1016/S0006-8993(97)01477-7

First Page

237

Last Page

245

Publication Date

1-1-1998

Abstract

Chronic food restriction reduces blood pressure (BP) and sympathetic support of BP in aortic coarctation hypertension. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that chronic food restriction would reduce sympathetic support of BP mediated by the paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei (PVN). Hypertension was induced in male Sprague–Dawley rats (n=40) by suprarenal aortic coarctation. Rats were assigned to either an ad libitum fed (AL) group or a food restricted (FR) group that received 60% of the food consumed by AL for 3 weeks. One week prior to data collection, catheters were implanted in the left carotid artery and right jugular vein. BP was measured for 2 days prior to, and 7 days after rats in AL and FR groups received either bilateral electrolytic lesions of the PVN (PVNx) or sham lesions (SHAM). Prior to either PVNx or SHAM, FR rats had significantly lower BP (AL=152±5; FR=113±2 mmHg), less of a depressor response to ganglionic blockade (AL=−58±4; FR=−35±2 mmHg), and lower plasma norepinephrine levels (AL=758±71; FR=380±23 pg/ml) compared to AL. PVNx reduced BP in both AL and FR rats (AL-PVNx=105±6 mmHg, FR-PVNx=101±3 mmHg). PVNx also lowered the depressor response to ganglionic blockade (AL-PVNx=−28±5 mmHg, FR-PVNx=−29±4 mmHg) and plasma norepinephrine levels (AL-PVNx=372±74 pg/ml, FR-PVNx=248±31 pg/ml). FR decreased the magnitude of the reductions in resting BP and in sympathetic activity in response to PVNx. These results indicate that intact PVN are required for maintenance of aortic coarctation hypertension, and implicate the PVN as a site involved in BP reductions produced by chronic food restriction.

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