Title

Metabolic and biomechanic changes during controlled frequency breathing swimming

ORCID

J. Mark VanNess: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5902-8735

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

Department

Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences Department

ISSN

0195-9131

Volume

33

Issue

5

First Page

Supplement abstract 867

Publication Date

5-1-2002

Abstract

Ss (N = 12) swam three-minute workloads at 55, 75, and 85% of maximal exertion for a tethered swimming protocol and 55-95% for a free swimming protocol with either normal breathing or breathing restricted to one breath per eight strokes. Restricted breathing did not alter lactate levels, but did reduce oxygen consumption. Heart and stroke rateS were higher during restricted breathing swimming. Implication. Restricted breathing training compromises the specificity of training effects and could alter biomechanical properties of stroking.

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