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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Educational Administration and Leadership

First Advisor

Dennis Brennan

First Committee Member

Gary Rossi

Second Committee Member

Tony Serna

Third Committee Member

Craig Seal


The purpose of this study was to identify how elementary public school principals are spending their time while at school by sampling the population of elementary public school principals in California. A secondary purpose was to identify differences between how California elementary public school principals spend their time in relation to the size of the building they serve (number of students), age of the principal, years of administrative experience, and time employed at their current school. Based on the principals' responses to this study, there appears to be a connection between what the literature identifies as critical components of effective instructional leadership and what practitioners are actually doing.





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