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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Marion O. Pease


The outline course of study in this thesis is offered as a suggested solution of a problem which arises from an effort to adopt for the use of the seventh and eighth grades of elementary schools, books which have been written for use in the junior high school.

The problem arises primarily because the two schools are organized on different plans. The older school is organized upon what is know in educational circles as the 8-4 plan. That is, eight years of study in the elementary and four years in the secondary school. The junior high school was created to bridge the gap between the eight year elementary and the four year high school, and is organized on what is known as the 6-3-3 plan.That is, six years in the elementary, three years is the junior high, and three years in the senior high school

The social studies course arranged for the junior high school cover three years and the major emphasis in civics is placed in the third year. In adapting the books written for the junior high school for use in the seventh and eighth grades of the elementary school, only the books for the first and second years are used. Consequently a vert fundamental training in citizenship is omitted unless the pupil's training is continued in the high school. Even then the courses of the high school may not be coordinated with the first two years of the junior high school, in which case the pupil would again be deprived of this very essential training in citizenship. The problem is rendered still more acute from the fact that many of the pupils finishing the eighth grade of the elementary school leave school entirely.

To remedy the difficulties noted in the preceding paragraphs, the following outline course of study is offered. It rearranges the material of the first and second years of the junior high school course and supplements the with the necessary training in civil government. California state adopted textbooks are used wherever possible.



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