Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Intercultural Relations

First Advisor

Kent Warren

First Committee Member

Janet Bennett

Second Committee Member

Margaret Pusch


This thesis examines the influence of the current research on personal orientation to cultural differences on learning in small, facilitated dialogue circles formed to discuss issues of race and culture. A facilitator's guide has been developed based on research and theory that covers: a) intercultural communication, b) racial identity development, c) internalized oppression/superiority, d) facilitation of difficult conversations, e) the use of Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) as an assessment tool (Hammer and Benne~ 2001 ), f) the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) as a conceptual model (Bennett, 1993 ), g) adult learning theory, h) change theory, and i) contemporary dialogue circle practice. The manual includes background material for sessions that introduce new material, encourages interactive learning between participants, and offers sequentially appropriate questions for discussion according to the developmental stages defined in the DMIS.



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