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Date of Award

2005

Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)

Department

Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences

First Advisor

Patrick R. Jones

First Committee Member

James W. Blankenship

Second Committee Member

Jianhua Ren

Abstract

This thesis describes the development of a way to study the N8 - acetylspermidine deacetylase enzyme activity. The method created in this thesis emphasizes sensitivity, accuracy and safety.

In this study, HeLa cells were cultured and extracted to yield a crude N8 - acetylspermidine deacetylase enzyme mixture. By measuring the decrease of N8 - acetylspermidine and the increase of spetmidine, N8 -acetylspermidine deacetylase enzyme activity can be determined using either a Varian 1200L LC/MS/MS or an API 3000 LC-ES (+)/MS/MS. An acetylation-derivatization method was developed because N8 -acetylspermidine and spermidine are hard to purify from a biological sample since they are not retained on a CIS solid phase extraction column or on a RP HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) reverse phase column due to their small molecular weight and high polarity.

The quantitation of N8 -acetylspem1indine over the range 2ng/ul to 5pg/ul was fit by linear regression as y = 1.064x + 0.218 with an R-squared value of 0.9996, where y is the peak area of the fragment-ion SRM (selected reaction monitoring: m/z: 188/114) chromatograms from N8 -acetylspermindine and x is the concentration of N8 - acetylspermindine. Acetylation of spermidine (SPD) and N8-acetylspermidine (N8AcSPD) with d6-acetic anhydride produces the d9 labeled triacetylated derivative of SPD and d6 labled triacetylated spermidine derivative of N8AcSPD. These triacetylated forms are retained on a C18 column. MS/MS gives characteristic m/z fragment ions for the derivatized species: N8AcSPD (278 to 215), NlAcSPD (278 to 218) and SPD (281 to 218). The fragment-ion SRM (selected reaction monitoring) chromatograms are used for the quantitation. A plot of peak area ratios for known mixtures of N8AcSPD and total SPD versus the molar ratios of N8AcSPD and total SPD was found to fit a linear regression line withy= 0.705x + 0.035 with an R-squared value of 0.9919. Quantitation of d6- and dg-tri-acetylspermidine by LC/MS/MS is possible at the low levels of materials found in cell extracts since the separation method results in a lower limit of quantitation. This approach enables the study of N8 - acetylspermidine deacetylase enzyme activity.

Pages

91

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