Campus Access Only
All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.
Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Arts (M.A.)
David E. Wolfe
First Committee Member
Audree S. O'Connell
Second Committee Member
Ruth Y. Brittin
EEG biofeedback training, known as neurofeedback, has been explored as a nonpharmacologic prophylaxis for migraines. Based on the conceptual model of disregulation of central arousal function, the Othmers proposed a protocol in migraine prophylaxis by raising the sensory motor rhythm (SMR, 12- 15 Hz), accompanied by an inhibition of theta ( 4- 7 Hz) frequency. Relaxation with music, on the other hand, is another type of nonpharmacologic prophylaxis for migraines and is used to reduce perceived psychological and/or physiological stress and pain. Studies showed that an effective relaxation with music program is one that integrates certain relaxing musical characteristics and personal factors. Six female participants (29 to 57 years of age) previously diagnosed with migraines participated in this single-subject design study. This study employed two independent variables- the SMR/theta training and music therapy, and the dependent variables were the SMR and theta recording registration. Each participant first participated in the EEG Base-rate recording session, and was then randomly assigned to the following treatment conditions: SMR/Theta training only, music therapy only, and SMR/Theta training and music therapy." Counterbalancing of the treatment conditions was applied across participants, two sessions weekly for a total of 13 sessions, 30 minutes each session. In SMR/Theta training only, participants were instructed to raise their SMR while inhibiting theta. In music therapy only, participants were instructed to select their relaxation CD music to be played during the sessions. The SMR and theta data were graphed for each participant and implications were discussed. Graph analysis indicated that two participants were responsive to SMR/Theta training and music therapy and SMR/Theta training only respectively. Overall, all participants acquired relaxation skills and seemed better at adapting themselves to a stressful environment.
Woon, Fu Lye. (2003). Responses of migraineurs to EEG biofeedback training and music therapy : a single-subject experimental study of a neuroacoustical treatment for migraines. University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/579
To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.Find in PacificSearch
If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).