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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Educational Administration and Leadership

First Advisor

Rachelle Hackett

First Committee Member

Carolynn Kohn

Second Committee Member

Joanna Royce-Davis


This exploratory study ( n =55) informs efforts aimed at addressing the problem of collegiate high-risk drinking by evaluating the effectiveness of three methods for teaching standard drink measures to first-year college students. These methods include the use of numeric measures in ounces, two-dimensional (2-D) images, and three-dimensional (3-D) models. All of these represent the appropriate volume for four standard drinks—beer, wine, hard alcohol, and alcohol contained in one mixed drink—as defined by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). By increasing students’ knowledge of standard drink measures and their own accurate pouring ability, they may improve their efficacious use of protective strategies, including tracking of the number of drinks they consume. In this study, when the distinction between over-pouring and under-pouring was eliminated and the absolute values of the percentages of inaccurate pouring became the focus, all three interventions were found to improve the accuracy of the ability to pour standard-size mixed drinks. Although violations to some of the statistical assumptions underlying ANOVA precluded use of this inferential technique to directly compare the three interventions, the data analytic approaches used did suggest that both the 2-D and the 3-D interventions may be more beneficial, overall, than the NIAAA numerical intervention. Associations between knowledge of standard drink measures, self-efficacy in pouring standard drinks, self-efficacy in using protective strategies, use of protective strategies, pouring accuracy, alcohol consumption, and negative consequences associated with alcohol usage were explored. Use of 3-D standard drink models offers prevention educators a simple yet potentially more effective method for teaching students and can be conducted easily in a variety of educational settings. Additionally, this type of education may ultimately improve the accuracy of data collection on student drinking. Suggestions for both administrators and further research are presented.





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