Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


American Academy of Asian Studies

First Advisor

Not Listed


Zen Buddhism has followed an extremely tortuous route, both geographically and philosophically, in its development from its Buddhist roots in India, centuries before the birth of Christ, to its present internationally important state of development in the world today. Buddhism, containing the embryo of the yet unborn sect of Zen, moved from India to China during the Sixth Century A. D. Zen came into its om as a Buddhist sect during the renaissance Chinese culture in the 7'ang Dynasty (approximately Seventh through Ninth Centuries, A. D.). The great Japanese Zen master, Dogen, initiated Zen as a movement in Japan in the Thirteenth Century, and now today it ranks as one of the most important sects in Japan, not only an measured by number of followers, but as far as artistic and cultural impact is concerned.





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