Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Educational Administration and Leadership

First Advisor

Jacquelyn Ollison

Second Advisor

Rachelle Kisst Hackett

First Committee Member

Xeng Xiong


The purpose of this mixed methods research study was to investigate whether academic capital is associated with student gender, student generation status, and parental education level of Hmong American undergraduate college students. The study also examined the educational experience of Hmong American undergraduate college students to understand the barriers they faced in obtaining academic capital and how they overcame them. The study's first phase collected and analyzed survey responses from 150 Hmong American undergraduate college students. The study's second phase interviewed six students who participated in the survey from the first phase. The first phase yielded quantitative results that suggested student generation status was a significant predictor of academic capital. In addition, after gender was controlled for, the parent’s education level was not a significant predictor of academic capital. The second phase yielded qualitative results that revealed two types of themes. The first type of theme consisted of four barriers relating to acquiring academic capital, and the second type of theme included five ways participants overcame barriers. The study concluded with implications for practice based on the findings and recommendations for future research.





Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).