Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Curriculum and Instruction

First Advisor

Rachelle Kisst Hackett

First Committee Member

Marilyn Draheim

Second Committee Member

Heidi J. Stevenson


The purpose of the study was to: (a) determine to what extent the formalized teacher induction programs (TIPs) in Shanghai are perceived to be helpful for first-year public primary school teachers; (b) measure teacher self-efficacy and anticipated job retention of first-year teachers in Shanghai public primary schools; and (c) examine the degree to which these perceptions of helpfulness, teacher self-efficacy, and anticipated job retention are associated. In this study, retention is defined as remaining in a public primary school in Shanghai. Shanghai TIPs are one-year long, mandatory programs for first-year teachers in Shanghai public primary schools. The conceptual framework of TIPs includes four main components (orientation, mentoring, professional development, and teacher evaluations) as found in Horn, Sterling, and Subhan’s (2002) high-quality teacher induction program component model.

An on-line survey was completed by 408 participants who held a bachelor’s degree or higher along with a teaching credential and who were within their first year of teaching in a public primary school located in Shanghai. They provided their demographic information and responded to items on a perception of TIP helpfulness scale (on orientation, mentoring, professional development, and teacher evaluations), the Teacher Self-Efficacy Scale (TSES-SF; for student engagement, for instructional strategies, and for classroom management), and an anticipated first-year teacher retention scale.

Results of the study include: (1) Overall, Shanghai public primary school teachers perceived the level of TIP helpfulness to be relatively high; however, the levels of helpfulness varied across the four components (orientation, mentoring, professional development, and teacher evaluation); (2) Teacher self-efficacy regarding instructional strategies was reported to be higher than efficacy regarding classroom management and student engagement; (3) The majority of first-year teachers expressed agreement with plans to stay in the same position; (4) Perceptions regarding TIP helpfulness, overall, were not found to significantly correlate with teacher self-efficacy, overall; (5) To a limited extent (r= -.142, p < .01) self-efficacy scores negatively correlate with anticipated retention such that those expressing higher levels of teacher self-efficacy are those with lower anticipated teacher retention (as a public primary school teacher in Shanghai) scores, whereas a positive association was hypothesized; (6) The perception of overall TIP helpfulness was a statistically significant predictor of anticipated teacher retention; and (7) There is insufficient evidence to suggest that teacher self-efficacy mediates the effect of Shanghai TIP helpfulness, overall, on anticipated teacher retention. Additional findings, explanations, implications, and suggestions for future research are also discussed for Shanghai public schools.





Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).