Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Graduate School

First Advisor

William C. Theimer, Jr.

First Committee Member

Fred Muskal

Second Committee Member

Donald Duns

Third Committee Member

Michael L. Davis

Fourth Committee Member

Mari G. Irvin


This study investigated the effects of videotape modeling of self-disclosing behavior on counselor trainees. More specifically, the study was designed to determine whether an increased willingness to disclose one's attitudes and opinions in appropriate situations could be taught to counselor trainees as part of their training. The subjects were two groups of counselor trainees selected, not on a random basis, but on the basis of their availability from two different sections in the Counseling Practicum at Fresno State University. One group (the Experimental group, with l2 counselors) was provided self-disclosing training, and the other was not provided self-disclosing training and was labeled the Control group (with 14 counselors). At the beginning, and at the end of the study the Self-Disclosure Situational Survey (SDSS) was administered to each of the subjects. Both groups were assigned clients and audiotapes of their sessions were recorded. All subjects were rated in terms of self-disclosure, using Carkhuff Scales by two judges after a three-week period. They also were rated by their clients on Relationship Inventory (RI). The analysis of covariance was used to analyze the relationship between the pre-test and the post-test on the counselor trainees' SDSS score. Three 2 x 2 ANOVA's were used to study the interaction and interrelationship of the independent variables, sex and treatment, on the remaining dependent variables. These dependent variables were: (1) student trainees' self-disclosure on SDSS, (2) students' clients' self-disclosure on SDSS, (3) the rating of the judges on the Carkhuff's Scale, and (4) the rating of clients on the RI. This study found that counselor trainees using videotape modeling of self-disclosing behavior demonstrated an increase in self-disclosing behavior. There appeared to be a significant positive relationship between the counselors' self-disclosure and the outcome of the counseling. Clients of the counselors in this study who took the training did not show more self-disclosing behavior than did clients of counselors who did not receive the training. In addition, the sex of the subjects did not appear to be an important factor in self-disclosure in an adult sample.



Included in

Education Commons