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Date of Award

1983

Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

Department

Graduate School

First Advisor

Armand P. Maffia

First Committee Member

Heath Lowry

Second Committee Member

John Phillips

Third Committee Member

Fred Muskal

Fourth Committee Member

Kenneth L. Beauchamp

Abstract

Methods of selecting and evaluating residence hall counselors were explored in this study. The Criterion Referenced Leaderless Group Interview (CRLGI) was defined as a selection technique and evaluated for its utility as a predictor of Residence Counselor effectiveness. In addition, the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) ad Rotter Internal/External Locus of Control Scale (LOC) were used as predictors of Residence Counselor effectiveness. The Harkness Assessment of Residence Counselors (HARC) was designed and subjected to psychometric reliability and validity studies. The HARC served as the criterion measure of Residence Counselor effectiveness. Seventy-two residence hall counselors at the University of the Pacific served as subjects in this study. All participated in the CRLGI and completed the CPI and LOC. The counselors were then evaluated after serving for one year. Pearson Product-Moment correlations were generated between predictor variables and the HARC. A stepwise multiple regression analysis (MRA) was used to evaluate the predictive strength of selected variables. Psychometric studies of the HARC revealed a Pearson Product-Moment correlation between student and residence staff evaluators of r = .49 (p < .001). Test-Retest Reliability average was .78. The following split-half reliability estimates were obtained: KR-20 = .86, Equal Length Spearman-Brown = .92, and Guttman Split Half = .92. Inter-item correlations ranged from .37 to .67 with an average correlation of .51. Cronbach's coefficient alpha estimate of internal consistency was .91. Significant correlations were obtained between scores on the CRLGI and the HARC (r = .65, p < .001). Significant correlations were obtained between the LOC and the HARC (r = -.30, p < .01). Significant correlations were obtained between the Self-Acceptance (S-A) subscale of the CPI and the HARC (r = -.28, p < .01). The remaining subscales of the CPI were not significantly correlated to the HARC. When the CRLGI, LOC, and S-A scales were entered into a stepwise MRA to predict residence counselor effectiveness, a R('2) of .53 was obtained. The multiple R was .74. Differences in the predictive strength of variables for males and females were noted. It was recommended that this study be replicated in other university settings and that a standardized evaluation form for the CRLGI be developed.

Pages

159

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