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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

Shirley Jennings

First Committee Member

Donald Duns

Second Committee Member

William Stockard

Third Committee Member

Robert R. Hopkins

Fourth Committee Member

Fred Muskal


Purpose of the study was to determine the effects of the Wise Self-Esteem Project (WISEP) on the development of self-esteem in primary grade children. Sample population was ethnically composed of approximately 270 Asian, Black, Hispanic, and White students. The majority of students were White and Hispanic; a lesser proportion were Asian and Black. The research questions focused on gains in self-esteem for WISEP participants. The Self-Appraisal Inventory (SAI), a student self-report measure, and the Behavioral Academic Self-Esteem (BASE), an observer rating scale, were used for data collection. Data analyses were based on pretest and posttest data from both instruments. Three-Way Anova of the gain scores indicated consistently superior gains for WISEP participants on all BASE subtests for grades one and three. Pearson correlation showed correlations between subtest scores to be substantial and significant. Second-grade WISEP participants whose research circumstances differed from first- and third-grade participants compared less favorably with second-grade control group. Chi-Square Test of Association showed gains of self-esteem level for WISEP participants to be significantly higher than the control group. Anova results indicated a significant gain in one category of self-esteem on the SAI for WISEP participants at the first-grade level. There were no significant gains for WISEP participants in any of the four categories at second- and third-grade level and no significant gains for the control group at any of the three grade levels.



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