Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Title

Polyamine and acetylpolyamine levels during phenylhydrazine-induced erythropoiesis in mouse spleen

Date of Award

1988

Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

Abstract

The phenylhydrazine-induced erythropoietic mouse spleen is used as a model system to demonstrate the relationship between tissue growth and polyamine metabolism. Phenylhydrazine produced significant changes in spleen weights, hematocrits and reticulocyte counts in Swiss-Webster mice. The average spleen weight went up from a control of 155 mg to 875 mg at 96 hours after phenylhydrazine administration, while a 49% reduction in the value of hematocrit was observed at 72 hours. Reticulocyte counts in peripheral blood went from 0.8 to 58% at 168 hours after treatment with phenylhydrazine. Phenylhydrazine at a dose of 40 mg/kg produced significant increases in the levels of putrescine, spermidine and spermine with maxima reached within 72 hours. The levels of N$\sp1$-acetylspermidine reached a maximum of 2.7-fold compared to control at 96 hours. When the dose of phenylhydrazine was increased to 120 mg/kg, peak levels of acetylated polyamines were reached within 96 hours at which time N$\sp1$-acetylspermidine levels rose to 2.9-fold and N$\sp8$-acetylspermidine levels went from not detectable to detectable levels. the levels of putrescine, spermidine and spermine reached maxima at 96 hours of 289, 1248 and 934 nmoles/g, respectively. DL-$\alpha$-difluoromethylornithine hydrochloride monohydrate (DFMO) inhibited the increases in putrescine levels and potentiated the increases in spermine levels induced by phenylhydrazine, while 7-(N-(3-aminopropyl)amino) heptan-2-one.2HCl (APAH) induced significant increases in the levels of N$\sp8$-acetylspermidine. APAH potentiated the increases in spleen weights induced by phenylhydrazine.

Pages

103

This document is currently not available here.

To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.

Find in ProQuest

Share

COinS

If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email