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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

Not Listed


The study examined the perceptions of counselor trainees and faculty for multicultural training courses. It developed curriculum information, compared program emphases in the training categories of awareness, skills and knowledge, and explored training importance and opportunity. Professional guidelines were reviewed to identify the training expected from courses which prepared counselors to work with clients from diverse populations. Survey forms were developed and administered to trainees and faculty. The resulting data were analyzed by descriptive methods, primarily of mean scores and ranked preferences. The Kruskal-Wallace and Mann-Whitney interpretations of group differences were used to identify statistically significant variations in group responses. The Macintosh programs, EXCEL and STATVIEW 512+ were used to manage the survey data. The ASK model classification system, derived from the relevant literature, was created to identify and compare training categories of awareness, skills and knowledge emphases in the courses visited. Selected findings: (1) Two major ideologies were evident; training based on a strong general knowledge curriculum and training based on awareness and cultural contact. (2) There appeared to be a steady, sequential, slow movement from knowledge-only training through awareness opportunities toward skill-oriented cultural experiences. (3) There was little demand for ethnically diverse instructors, (although 9 of 11 instructors who participated represented groups other then Anglo) and great demand for ethnically diverse presenters. (4) There was agreement about the importance and training opportunities currently provided (more then 50% of the responses), Indicating general satisfaction with current training. (5) A pattern of responses emerged that indicated those who received the least diverse training and had the least cultural contact perceived themselves to be the most adequately trained and indicated little awareness of cultural concerns. (6) Conversely, those with the most diverse training, the most cultural contact and who indicated the greatest cultural concern, wanted even more training. (7) The multicultural course was perceived to be a very important part of counselor training. (8) The skills development component of training was provided at a minimal level in the multicultural training course.





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