Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

G. Werner


One of the first important efforts at foreign missionary work by American churches was the conversion of the Hawaiian Islands, or Sandwich islands as they were commonly called in the early days of their discovery, the first missionaries to the islands had heard reports from traders and whalers and accounts from native youths as to conditions in the islands, and from these facts they had imagined what would await them upon their arrival. When they arrived at the islands, they found great changes had taken place, such great changes that to the missionaries they could only be explained as "miraculous" and the "work of God." These changes had been brought about almost entirely from contact with foreigners who had visited the islands since their discovery.



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