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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Gary N. Howells

First Committee Member

Kenneth Beauchamp

Second Committee Member

Roseann Hannon


Few research studies have looked at the delayed effects of maternal drug and/ or alcohol abuse during pregnancy on the 3 to 6 year old child . Drug and/ or alcohol abuse during pregnancy has been linked to increased problems during the neonatal period and infant stage; however, the presence of long-term effects and their inclusiveness and severity are unclear. The present study discriminated between 20 children of mothers who either abused or did not abuse drugs and/ or alcohol during pregnancy on the following variables: cognitive ability, perceptual-performance skills, motor skills, hyperactivity / attention, impulse control, physical size, soft signs of neurological damage, and behavioral, physical, and medical problems. Although the differences between the means of the dependent variables for the drug/alcohol group and the nondrug group were not statistically significant, they all fell in the predicted direction. The direction of these differences supports all of the proposed hypotheses. Possibly , with a larger sample size and tighter controls on secondary variables, a statistically significant relationship between drug/ alcohol abuse and detrimental effects on later development might have been found.



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