Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Graduate Studies

First Advisor

Madeline Bunning

First Committee Member

Heath Lowry

Second Committee Member

Kenneth L. Beauchamp

Third Committee Member

Donald C[?]

Fourth Committee Member

W. Preston Gleason


Purpose: The study was conducted to determine the effects ot organizational aids upon concept acquisition and retention of meaningful verbal materials. Two organizational aids, 250 words in length, were developed as specified by Ausubel: one in prose form one in question form, each containing a generalized synopsis of an accompanying 2,500-word learning passage. It was hypothesized that an organizer, placed either before or after the learning passage, would differentially benefit the four treatment groups when compared with control groups on the criterion test. In order to determine the relative function of other classroom variables contributing simultaneously to the learning process, factorial analysis of covariance was chosen as the statistical test tor the experimental design (5 x 2 x 2). Variables under consideration were verbal I.Q. levels, reading comprehension levels, retention levels, and feedback or no feedback.



Included in

Education Commons