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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Gary Howells

First Committee Member

Martin T. Gipson

Second Committee Member

Doug Matheson

Third Committee Member

Roger Katz


Previous investigations of biofeedback and relaxation for diabetics to control blood sugar level have been contradictory. The present study hypothesized that diabetics determined as high anxious would lower their blood sugar levels significantly, as compared to a low anxious group. Twelve participants, 34 to 70 years old, were divided into high and low anxious groups according to scores on four paper and pencil measures. For 6 weeks biofeedback-assisted relaxation was administered to both groups and a multivariate analysis of variance was conducted. The hypothesis was not supported. Three of 12 decreased blood sugar levels over treatment. A regression analysis was conducted to examine the variables those 3 participants had in common, yielding a multiple R of.96 (p (is less than) .001) between the reducers and the non-reducers. Reducers had (in order of importance in the regression equation) more monthly hassles; were less distancing, more confrontive, and more accepting of responsibility in their ways of coping; were less trait anxious; and experienced more anxiety-related affect. Inferences about the possible influences these variables had on success in treatment are discussed, and implications for future research are presented.



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