Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Martin T. Gipson

First Committee Member

Gary N. Howells

Second Committee Member

Roger G. Katz


Current Type A research emphasizes cognitive variables which may predispose negative emotions, maladaptive behavioral coping, autonomic arousal, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hostility and the Type A belief style delineated by Price exemplify pervasive, cross-situational cognitive styles. Hostile cognitions (e.g., "Someone has it in for me") reflect cynicism and distrust. Price's construct is somewhat similar: (a) External achievements define self-worth, (b) no universal moral principles exist (i.e., "Nice guys finish last"), and (c) all resources are scarce (i.e., "Your loss is my gain").

Using male college basketball coaches as practice partners, I attempted to answer two primary questions with the present study. First, are Type A beliefs, hostility, perceived stress, and the experience and expression of anger related in basketball coaches? Second, is there a relationship between the experience and expression of anger (self-reported and observed) and the self-reported risk of cardiovascular disease in basketball coaches?



To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.

Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest



If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email


Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).