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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Martin T. Gipson

First Committee Member

Gary N. Howells

Second Committee Member

Ted Leland


Anxiety is considered as having trait and state characteristics. The multidimensional theory of state anxiety separates this construct into cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and self-confidence. The present study evaluated the effectiveness of positive video self-modeling at reducing performance anxiety. I hypothesized that following positive video self-modeling athletes would experience: (a) decreased cognitive and somatic anxiety, (b) increased self-confidence, and (c) improved competitive performance. Nine male collegiate volleyball players were blocked into a low, medium, or high anxiety groups, and were then randomly assigned into either a: (a) positive video self-modeling group, (b) relaxation training group, or (c) no treatment control group. Positive video self-modeling participants each received five sessions of viewing their positively self-modeled videotape, relaxation group participants each received five sessions of respiratory relief training, and the control group remained in baseline. A graphical analysis of the dependent measures suggested that none of the hypotheses were supported.



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