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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

J. Marc Jantzen

First Committee Member

Malcolm R. Eislen

Second Committee Member

Donald Duns

Third Committee Member

Carl D. Lang

Fourth Committee Member

[?] R. C. F.


This is an historical study depicting how California came to adopt the requirement of a fifth year of preparation for secondary teachers. It is hoped that through a better understanding of such a milestone event those interested in teacher education will be able to view current educational problems with greater insight. This insight should include the knowledge that California's fifth-year requirement, though being the first in the United States, was just one of the steps in the development of better certification in this State and the nation. Through remembering how this one significant event_ the adoption of the fifth-year requirement, occurred in the long evolution of certification, those interested in teacher education should find it easier to understand current and future credentialing regulations and to assess their development.



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